There were 2277 registered schools in Victoria at 30 June 2020.
Registered schools by type
All Victorian schools must be registered with us as as either co-educational or single sex, and as one or more of the following types of school:
- specific purpose (for schools that provide an alternative educational program or educational focus)
- specialist (for schools that cater mainly for students with disabilities or with social, emotional or behavioural difficulties).
Note: The Department of Education and Training's census date for registered schools is in February. The VRQA's census date is in June.
Chart 1: Registered schools by type
About 69 per cent of Victorian schools are primary schools. Just over 25 per cent are secondary or primary–secondary schools, and six per cent are specialist or specific purpose schools.
Two new types of school were registered in 2020 – primary and secondary and specialist schools.
The vast majority (97 per cent) of schools are co-educational.
Registered schools by sector
Chart 2: Registered schools by sector
Among registered schools, over two thirds are government schools and around one fifth are Catholic schools. Nearly 10 per cent of schools are independent.
Registered schools by type and sector
Chart 3: Registered schools by type and sector
Most primary schools and secondary schools in the state are government or Catholic schools. Primary schools deliver Prep/Foundation and Years 1–6. Secondary schools deliver Years 7–12, and may also register to provide senior secondary education – the Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE), Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning (VCAL), or International Baccalaureate Diploma (IB) – to students in Years 11 and 12.
The majority of primary-secondary schools are independent schools. These schools may take children from Prep/Foundation to Year 12, from middle school to Year 12, or from primary school to early high school.
Number of schools by location and type
Overall, 59 per cent of schools (1338) are located in the Greater Melbourne area and 41 per cent in rural and regional Victoria (939).
Around 75 percent of Victoria's population lives in Greater Melbourne, while around 25 per cent lives in regional and rural areas. This means there is a relatively high proportion of schools (particularly primary schools) in rural and regional areas, including around a third of the state's specialist and specific purpose schools.
Chart 4: Schools by location and type
Registered schools – trend
The number of registered schools has climbed steadily in recent years. According to the February census, the number of full-time equivalent enrolments has grown by 156,000 since 2010 to a total of 1,009,000 in 2020.
Chart 5: Full-time equivalent enrolments in Victorian schools
Chart 6: Registered schools – total by sector
New schools – trend
The VRQA registered 78 new schools in the last five years.
Most new government and Catholic schools are located in Melbourne's outer suburbs, where population growth is strong and there is demand for new housing, infrastructure and community services.
Chart 7: New schools by sector
For previous years' school statistics, see: